Application of the Finite Element Method to Simulate the Friction Phenomenon in a Strip Drawing Test


coefficient of friction
finite element method
sheet metal forming

How to Cite

Fejkiel, R., & Goleń, P. (2023). Application of the Finite Element Method to Simulate the Friction Phenomenon in a Strip Drawing Test. Advances in Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 40(1), 39-46.


Friction is an undesirable phenomenon in the flange area of the drawpiece in sheet metal forming processes, causes a deterioration in surface finish and decrease in the formability limits of sheet metal. The aim of this work is numerical analysis using the finite element method of the strip drawing test with two rounded countersamples. This test simulates friction conditions in the flange area of the drawpiece. The results of experimental research on the influence of surface roughness on the value of the friction coefficient of S235 steel samples were used to verify the numerical results. The relation between the real contact area and the mean roughness Ra of the countersamples was determined. The real contact area increases with the increase of the mean roughness Ra. In sheet metal forming processes, the coefficient of friction depends on the real contact area, and its value increases with the increase of the real contact area.


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