The key limiting factors for the establishment of a benchmarking partnership in cluster enterprises


benchmarking partnership
best practices
limiting factors


The benchmarking partnership of cluster enterprises is an important and interesting field of scientific research in the management sciences. The purpose of the paper is to identify the key factors limiting the establishment of this form of partnership and to establish their impact. This paper argues that proper identification of the main limiting factors is an essential management process to help with benchmarking partnerships, and I aim to examine which limiting factors (internal or external) have a greater negative impact on the establishment of benchmarking partnerships? The work utilizes indirect research through the analysis of literature sources and deductive reasoning, and direct research through the use of questionnaires conducted with selected Polish clusters enterprises.


Adamik, A. (2013). A partnering approach to extending the business base through cooperation with competitors (coopetition) – is it an option for SMEs? [in:] Zaharim, A., Rodrigues, R.G., eds., Recent Advances in Management, Marketing and Finances. Cambridge: WSEAS Press.

Bendell, T., Boulter, L., Gatford, K. (1997). The Benchmarking Workout. London: Financial Times Pitman Publishing.

Mohapatra, S. (2012). Information Theory and Best Practices in the IT Industry. New York: Springer.

Morosini, P. (2004). Industrial Clusters, Knowledge Integration and Performance. “World Development”, Vol. 32, No. 2. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2002.12.001.

Sharma, R.S., Iqbal, M., Victoriano, M.M. (2013). On the Use of Benchmarking and Good Practices for Knowledge Management for Development. “Knowledge Management Research & Practice” 11(4). DOI: 10.1057/kmrp.2012.27.

Sölvell, Ö. (2008). Clusters – Balancing Evolutionary and Constructive Forces. Stockholm: Ivory Tower Publishing.

Szydełko, M. (2015). Ramy koncepcyjne zastosowania benchmarkingu w klastrze. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, No. 399.

—— (2018a). A Conceptual Framework for Intra-Cluster Benchmarking Partnership [in:] Albrychiewicz-Słocińska, A., Czarnecka, A., Dunay, A., eds., Challenges of Management in Modern Organizations. Gödöllő: Szent István Egyetemi Kiadó Nonprofit Kft.

—— (2018b). Internal and External Facilitating Factors for Establishment of Benchmarking Partnership by the Cluster Enterprises in the Context of the Empirical Research – the Case of Poland [in:] Slavíčková, P., Talášek, T., eds., Knowledge for Market Use 2018: Public Finances in the Background of Sustainable Development. International Scientific Conference Proceedings, Olomouc: Palacky University Olomouc [Access: 22.11.2019]. Access on the internet:

—— (2018c), The Essence and Attributes of Inter-Organizational Relations. “Humanities and Social Sciences” No. 4. DOI: 10.7862/rz.2018.hss.89.

—— (2019). Partnerstwo benchmarkingowe przedsiębiorstw w klastrze jako kategoria relacji międzyorganizacyjnych. Warszawa: CeDeWu.