Transformational Leadership
Organization Commitment
Change readiness

How to Cite



Organizations that cannot adapt to changes will be eliminated by competitors and unable to maintain their existence. Organizational changes require organizational readiness, for example, from a human resources perspective. An important factor affecting the readiness for change is transformational leadership, in which the role of the leader is to direct, guide and motivate the team to implement changes, and build the trust on facing or implementing organizational changes. Moreover, due to the high organizational commitment of employees, it can help to implement further company strategies to respond to the changes. This study aims to review various previous research that discuss transformational leadership, organizational commitment, and change preparation. Literature studies is previous findings related to transformational leadership, organizational commitment, and change readiness that used as research methodology and a coherent analysis. The results indicated that: 1) there is a positive influence between transformational leadership and change readiness; 2) there is positive influences between organizational commitment and change readiness.


Aarons, G. A. (2006). Transformational and Transactional Leadership: Association With Attitudes Toward Evidence-Based Practice. "Psychiatric Services", 57(8). DOI: 10.1176/ps.2006.57.8.1162.

Abbasi, B. (2017). Transformational leadership and change readiness and a moderating role of perceived bureaucratic structure: an empirical investigation. "Problems and Perspectives in Management", 15(1). DOI: 10.21511/ppm.15(1).2017.03.

Al-Hussami, M., Hammad, S., Alsoleihat, F. (2018). The influence of leadership behavior, organizational commitment, organizational support, subjective career success on organizational readiness for change in healthcare organizations. "Leadership in Health Services", 31(4). DOI: 10.1108/LHS-06-2017-0031.

Allen, N. J., Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. "Journal of Occupational Psychology", 63(1). DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x.

Bernerth, J. (2004). Expanding Our Understanding of the Change Message. "Human Resource Development Review", 3(1). DOI: 10.1177/1534484303261230.

Bommer, W. H., Rich, G. A., Rubin, R. S. (2005). Changing attitudes about change: longitudinal effects of transformational leader behavior on employee cynicism about organizational change. "Journal of Organizational Behavior", 26(7). DOI: 10.1002/


Cementina-Olpoc, R., Hechanova, R. M. (2013). Transformational Leadership, Change Management, and Commitment to Change: A Comparison of Academic and Business Organizations. "Public Health", 22.

Chou, S., Chen, C.-W., Lin, J.-Y. (2015). Female online shoppers: Examining the mediating roles of e-satisfaction and e-trust on e-loyalty development. "Internet Research", 25(4).

Desplaces, D. (2005). A multilevel approach to individual readiness to change. "Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management", 7(1), 25.

Durkin, M., Bennett, H. (1999). Employee commitment in retail banking: identifying and exploring hidden dangers. "International Journal of Bank Marketing", 17(3). DOI: 10.1108/02652329910269239.

Eby, L. T., Adams, D. M., Russell, J. E. A., Gaby, S. H. (2000). Perceptions of Organizational Readiness for Change: Factors Related to Employees’ Reactions to the Implementation of Team-Based Selling. "Human Relations", 53(3). DOI: 10.1177/0018726700533006.

Holt, D. T., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., Harris, S. G. (2007). Readiness for Organizational Change. "The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science", 43(2). DOI: 10.1177/0021886306295295.

Hughes, R. L., Ginnet, R. C., Curphy, G. J. (2012). Leadership: Memperkaya Pelajaran dari Pengalaman (Edisi Ketu). Salemba Humanika.

Iverson, R. D. (1996). Employee acceptance of organizational change:the role of organizational commitment. "The International Journal of Human Resource Management", 7(1). DOI: 10.1080/09585199600000121.

Kartika, L. D. (2016). Pengaruh Transformational Leadership terhadap Readiness for Change melalui Employee Engagement sebagai variable intervening pada karyawan PT. SUPARMA, Tbk. Airlangga University.

Luthans, F. (2012). Perilaku Organisasi. Penerbit Andi.

Madsen, S. R., Miller, D., John, C. R. (2005). Readiness for organizational change: Do organizational commitment and social relationships in the workplace make a difference? "Human Resource Development Quarterly", 16(2). DOI: 10.1002/hrdq.1134.

Mahalinga Shiva, M. S. A., & Suar, D. (2012). Transformational Leadership, Organizational Culture, Organizational Effectiveness, and Programme Outcomes in Non-Governmental Organizations. "VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations", 23(3). DOI: 10.1007/s11266-011-9230-4.

Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. "Human Resource Management Review", 1(1). DOI: 10.1016/1053-4822(91)90011-Z.

Murphy, L. (2005). Transformational leadership: a cascading chain reaction. "Journal of Nursing Management", 13(2). DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2934.2005.00458.x.

Nordin, N. (2012). The influence of leadership behavior and organizational commitment on organizational readiness for change in a higher learning institution. "Asia Pacific Education Review", 13.

Novitasari, D., Goestjahjanti, F. S., Asbari, M. (2020). The Role of Readiness to Change between Transformational Leadership and Performance: Evidence from a Hospital during Covid-19 Pandemic. "APMBA (Asia Pacific Management and Business Application). DOI: 10.21776/ub.apmba.2020.009.01.4.

Samaranayake, anjee U. (2017). Employee Readiness for Organizational Change: A Case Study in an Export Oriented Manufacturing Firm in Sri Lanka. "Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics, 10(20),.DOI: 10.17015/ejbe.2017.020.01.

Santhidran, S., Chandran, V. G. R., & Borromeo, J. (2013). Enabling Organizational Change – Leadership, Commitment to Change and the Mediating Role of Change Readiness. "Journal of Business Economics and Management, 14(2). DOI: 10.3846/16111699.2011.642083

Sari, P. O. (2018). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan Transformational, Komitmen Afektif, Komitmen Kontinuans dan Komitmen Normatif terhadap Kesiapan berubah (Studi pada Bank BRI Kantor Wilayah Yogyakarta). "EXERO: Journal of Research in Business and Economics", 1(1). DOI: 10.24071/exero.2018.010104

Suwaryo, J., Daryanto, H. K. K., Maulana, A. (2015). Organizational Culture Change and its Effect on Change Readiness through Organizational Commitment. "BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Journal Ilmu Administrasi Dan Organisasi", 22(1).

Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B. J., Zhu, W. (2008). How Transformational Leadeship Weaves its Influence on Individual Job Performance: The Role of Identification and Efficacy Beliefs. "Personnel Psychology", 61(4). DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2008.00131.x

Ward, K. (2002). A vision for tomorrow: Transformational nursing leaders. "Nursing Outlook", 50(3).

All texts published in the Journal "Modern Management Review" are available in the full version on the website of MMR. Digital IDs have also been entered from number 19 (3/2012) (DOI: 10.7862/rz.2018.mmr.1)

Open Access – CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 PL

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.


Download data is not yet available.